Woman Suffrage Sample Ballot, 1912
The passage of the Illinois Presidential and Municipal
Bill in the summer of 1913 offered
women in Chicago the opportunity to merge their social welfare activities with electoral power. This was primarily due to the creation of the first and one of the most important black female suffrage organizations in the state and the city, the Alpha Suffrage Club. Established in January 1913 by black
woman and antilynching crusader Ida Bell Wells-Barnett and white activist Belle Squire, the club elected officers, held monthly meetings, claimed nearly two hundred members by 1916, issued the newsletter the
Alpha Suffrage Record,
and endorsed candidates. The club is most recognized for its pivotal role in the 1915 election of the first African American alderman in Chicago, Oscar DePriest.
Duster, Alfreda, ed.
Crusade for Justice: The Autobiography of Ida B. Wells.
Williams, Katherine E. “The Alpha Suffrage Club.”
Half Century Magazine,
September 1916, 12.