Encyclopedia o f Chicago
Interpretive Digital Essay : Water in Chicago
Essay: People and the Port
Photo Essays:
Solitary Lives
City of Bridges
Chicago Harbors
Essay: Using the Chicago River
Photo Essays:
Goose Island
Indiana Dunes
Essay: Sanitation in Chicago
Photo Essays:
The Sanitary and Ship Canal
Water-Related Epidemics
Essay: Water and Urban Life
Photo Essays:
Houses and Water
Shoreline Development
Growing Up Along Water
Chicago’s Harbors: From the Chicago to the Calumet Rivers

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Calumet Harbor

Calumet Harbor, 1920s

By the 1920s, the Calumet Harbor was built up with industry and commercial venues. This picture, which looks east into Lake Michigan, shows the entrance to the harbor, with the South Works of U.S. Steel to the left.

See also: Calumet River; Lake Michigan

1953 Plan for Calumet Harbor, Calumet River

By the mid-twentieth century, growth had slowed in the Calumet Region. The City of Chicago prepared plans for revitalization of the region after World War II. Anticipating the completion of the St. Lawrence Seaway, enlargement of the Cal-Sag channel was planned to allow larger ships to move directly into the Sanitary and Ship Canal in what came to be known as the Great-Lakes-to-the-Gulf Waterway.

See also: Planning Chicago; Planning; Calumet Region

1953 Plan for Calumet Harbor, Lake Calumet

The 1953 Plan called for expansion of dock facilities on Lake Calumet, both through dredging the lake and filling in parts of it. The plans came in anticipation of the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway in 1959. Anticipating greater shipping on the Great Lakes, Chicago sought to capture more than its share of the increase.

See also: St. Lawrence Seaway

Calumet Harbor Dedication Ceremony, 1956

Mayor Richard J. Daley tours the Calumet Harbor on June 30, 1956. Improvements to create a Great-Lakes-to-Gulf Waterway were completed in anticipation of the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway in 1959.

See also: Water; Planning Chicago

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