Encyclopedia o f Chicago
Interpretive Digital Essay : The Plan of Chicago
The Plan of Chicago
Chicago in 1909
Planning Before the Plan
Antecedents and Inspirations
The City the Planners Saw
The Plan of Chicago
The Plan Comes Together
Creating the Plan
Reading the Plan
A Living Document
Labor Protests
Return to "The City the Planners Saw"

Strike of Messenger Boys, 1902


Young boy messengers were an important means of communication between downtown offices.

See also: Strikes; Work

Garment Workers' Strike, December 12, 1910


Parade of women supporting strikers, West Jackson Boulevard near Morgan Street, December 12, 1910. The United Garment Workers strike began in September of that year and continued until early February of 1911, shortly after an agreement was signed with Hart, Schaffner & Marx but while more than 20,000 workers were still on strike against their employers.

See also: Strikes

I.W.W. Songs


Cover of I.W.W. songbook, 1918. In its various editions, the "Little Red Songbook" included organizing and protest songs written by such famous radicals as Joe Hill and Ralph Chaplin.

See also: Folk Music; Industrial Workers of the World